Thursday, December 1, 2016

Scientists in Bidar have a simple solution for Delhi smog

Source: The Hindu:

Scientists and students of KVAFSU demonstrating how to convert farm waste into nutrient fodder in Ballur village.

The Delhi smog may have a simple answer, if the farmers of Punjab were to heed to the advice of scientists from the Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University.

Scientists here feel that stubble burning or the practice of setting fire to crop residue before a sowing season, is adding to the problem of air pollution in the national capital. This can be completely avoided if farmers stop burning and reuse residue as fodder, they say.

“We have been asking farmers not to burn crop residue for decades now. But farmers are slow to change ,” says KVAFSU former vice chancellor C. Renuka Prasad . He says that the methods of using crop residue as fodder or feed inputs have been fairly standardised. KVAFSU has developed at least three methods to convert stubble and lops and tops of crops into fodder in the farm backyard.

Central institutions like the National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology (ICAR-NIANP) have even developed processes to make fodder at an industrial scale, using discarded crop residue. Farmers should use these and abstain from burning farm waste, he said.

There is a widespread belief that such burning is adding to the pollution. Agencies like NASA have claimed that stubble burning is a major component of the smoke. To find lasting solutions to such issues, we should explore long term measures like changing the habits of farmers, Dr Prasad said.

“Farmers in Punjab tend to burn wheat chaff as they think that animals don’t like it. But it can be treated to make it edible and nutritious by some simple techniques that we have developed,’’ says Chandrapal Singh, nutrition scientist and former registrar of the university. We are willing to share these formulae with farmers or the government for its extension activities, the registrar said.

“The university has come up with methods that are simple, cost effective and replicable even on a small scale. We have come up with a formula where grains and crop residue of maize, jowar, cotton seeds, can be mixed in a proper proportion to ensure a healthy meal for milch animals. We have also perfected a system of using residue of annual crops like banana and sugarcane. Banana waste is treated in Urea and salts for a few days and fed as vitalizing inputs to animals. Similarly, bagasse or lops and tops of sugarcane are mixed with jaggery or molasses and some grains to create a balanced dietary compound. All these can be made at home, by farmers with minimal lands, without much expense. All they need is a little training,” says Dr. Singh.

Scientists in the depament of animal nutrition in Bidar and Bengaluru are working on projects to further simplify such methods, Dr. Singh said.

Source: :

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Plans afoot to set up hi-tech library in Bidar

Source: The Hindu

The district administration plans to set up a hi-tech library in Bidar to aid the development of the educationally backward district.

The library will have a large reading room, a conference hall, and a cyber corner with high-speed internet connectivity, apart from books on various subjects.

The library would be shaped by fusing two schemes — the district central library sanctioned for the city and the Mohammad Gawan Library allotted by the State government, Anurag Tewari, Deputy Commissioner, has said.

Work on the project has begun. Officials have identified land on Janawada Road in the city. A detailed project proposal has been submitted to the Department of Libraries. “We have requested the Director of Libraries to give approval to a proper design for the building and a format for the library. We hope to start work in a month of receiving due approvals,” he said.

Before finalising the design of the library, officials went through heaps of pictures and sketches of interesting libraries of the world. A committee headed by Assistant Commissioner Venkat Raja went through pictures of iconic libraries such as the Trinity College Library, the National Library of Kolkata, the Central Library in Panjim, Goa, and the Heritage Library Building at Cubbon Park in Bengaluru. Finally, they decided on a modern library in a building that will remind one of Bidar’s heritage, he said.

Mr. Tewari described this as a labour of love. This is a tribute to Mohammad Gawan by a grateful city. The grand wazir or the Prime Minister of the Bahmani Sultans set up the Madrassa of Mohammad Gawan, a world class university in the 15th century. He established a library with over 3,000 manuscripts and also maintained a personal library of at least 1,000 books according to historian Ghulam Yazdani. “The least we can do is to set up a well-equipped library in his name,” he said.

The district administration will try to learn from the digital library set up in the Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University under the National Knowledge Network programme. The university has a dedicated an internet line of one gigabyte speed.


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Friday, November 11, 2016

2 women drivers land KSRTC jobs

Source TOI.

BENGALURU: The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) has issued appointment orders to two women as drivers-cum-conductors along with 1,350 other newly recruited employees for their services in the fields of education, sports, literature and others.

The two women are Ammenamma Nadaf from Bidar district and Veena Hosamma from Chikkaballapura.

Of the 2,955 drivers/conductors selected, the first phase saw issuance of appointment letters to 1,350 of them.

The KSRTC plans to launch 25 biodiesel buses in the coming days. The corporation also proposes to install surveillance cameras in all depots, bus stands and its regional workshops. Further, construction of new bus stands and upgradation of the existing ones will be taken up.

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